What Is It Called When a Part of the Heart Contracts

The human heart is a four-chamber muscular organ shaped and sized much like a man`s closed fist, with two-thirds of the mass to the left of the midline. Electrical impulses from your heart muscle (the myocardium) cause your heart to contract. This electrical signal begins in the sinus node (SA), located at the top of the right atrium. The SA node is sometimes called the “natural pacemaker” of the heart. An electrical impulse from this natural pacemaker moves through the muscle fibers of the atria and ventricles, causing them to contract. Although the SA node sends electrical impulses at a certain speed, your heart rate can change depending on physical demands, stress, or hormonal factors. Both atria are thin-walled chambers that draw blood from the veins. Both ventricles are thick-walled chambers that powerfully pump blood from the heart. The differences in the thickness of the walls of the ventricle are due to variations in the amount of myocardium present, which reflects the amount of force that each chamber must generate. Usually, your heart beats between 60 and 100 times per minute.

This regular rhythmic beat depends on the electrical signals that are conducted into your heart. A heartbeat is a unique cycle in which your heart contracts and relaxes to pump blood. At rest, the normal heart beats about 60 to 100 times per minute and increases when you exercise. Your doctor usually checks your heart rate in two ways: let them know if your child has chest pain, difficulty breathing, dizziness, or fainting; Or if your child feels that sometimes the heart goes very fast or jumps a shot. In the lungs, the blood receives oxygen and then leaves the pulmonary veins. It returns to the heart and enters the left atrium. The dye injected into the superior vena cava passes through all ventricles during a cardiac cycle. Although it is convenient to describe the blood flow through the right side of the heart and then through the left side, it is important to recognize that the atria and ventricles contract at the same time. The heart works as two pumps, one on the right and the other on the left, operating simultaneously. Blood flows from the right atrium to the right ventricle and is then pumped into the lungs to receive oxygen. From the lungs, blood flows into the left atrium, and then into the left ventricle.

From there, it is pumped into the systemic cycle. Sometimes you can inherit heart disease from your family. The heart weighs between 7 and 15 ounces (200 to 425 grams) and is slightly larger than the size of your fist. At the end of a long life, a person`s heart may have beaten (expanded and contracted) more than 3.5 billion times. In fact, the average heart beats 100,000 times a day, pumping about 2,000 gallons (7,571 liters) of blood. The heart muscle contracts in two stages to squeeze blood from the heart. When a coronary artery is completely blocked and no blood or oxygen reaches the heart muscle served by that artery, it causes a heart attack. It also causes chest pain as the heart muscle served by this artery dies. Each heartbeat is triggered by an electric pacemaker – a group of cells in the heart that have the ability to generate electrical activity.

They cause the propagation of electrical impulses on the heart and its contraction. Your heart is a muscle, and its job is to pump blood through your circulatory system. Try Know your heart from the British Heart Foundation, an interactive tool narrated and presented by Dr Hilary Jones. Some people are born with a heart that has not developed properly in the womb before birth – these are called congenital heart defects. Your heart is about the size of a fist and is in the middle of your chest, slightly to the left. It`s the muscle at the center of your circulatory system that pumps blood around your body when your heart beats. This blood sends oxygen and nutrients to all parts of your body, carrying unwanted carbon dioxide and waste. Problems can occur in any part of the heart – from the muscle walls. Watch this clip from the British Heart Foundation on how a healthy heart works. The heart muscle contracts in two stages to extract blood from the heart.


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