Which of the following Organizations or Agreements Are Primarily Related to Free Trade
Intelligence policy is about defense and involves the open and covert collection of information from foreign sources that may be of strategic interest to the United States. The world of intelligence, perhaps more than any other area of foreign policy, inspires the public imagination. Many books, TV shows, and movies entertain us (with varying degrees of precision) through stories about intelligence operations and the people of the United States. A third main objective is to maintain a balance of power in the world. A balance of power means that no nation or region is militarily much more powerful than the countries of the rest of the world. Achieving a perfect balance of power is probably not possible, but general stability or predictability in the functioning of governments, strong institutions and the absence of violence within and between nations can be. For much of U.S. history, leaders have viewed the stability of the world through the prism of Europe. If the European continent was stable, so was the world. During the Cold War era following World War II, stability was achieved through the existence of two superpowers, the United States and the Soviet Union, and through the real fear of nuclear annihilation that both were capable of. Until around 1989-1990, advanced industrial democracies lined up behind one of these two superpowers. First, there is no real authority at the global level that dictates how the nations of the world should relate to each other.
When one nation negotiates in bad faith or lies to another, there is no central government agency on a global scale to sanction that country. This makes diplomacy and international coordination a constant activity as problems develop and leaders and nations change. External relations will certainly be facilitated by the existence of voluntary transnational associations such as the United Nations, the Organization of American States and the African Union. However, these associations do not have strict enforcement powers over certain nations, unless a group of member organizations takes action in some way (which is ultimately voluntary). A third unique challenge for the United States in the field of foreign policy is the different ideas of other countries on the appropriate form of government. These forms range from democracies on the one hand to various authoritarian (or anti-democratic) forms of government on the other. Relations between the United States and democratic states tend to function more easily, based on the common basic assumption that the authority of government comes from the people. Monarchies and other undemocratic forms of government do not share this assumption, which can make foreign policy discussions extremely difficult. People in the United States often assume that people living in a non-democratic country would prefer to live in a democratic country. However, in some parts of the world, such as the Middle East, this does not seem to be the case – people often prefer to have stability in an undemocratic system rather than move to a less predictable form of democratic government. Or they believe in a theocratic form of government.
And the U.S. has formal relationships with some more totalitarian and monarchical governments, like Saudi Arabia, when it`s in the U.S. interest to do so. The United States pursued a non-interventionist foreign policy from 1932 to 1938, but President Franklin D. Roosevelt then strongly supported the Allies in their wars against Germany and Japan. As a result of intense internal debates, national politics was to become the arsenal of democracy, that is, to finance and equip the Allied armies without sending American combat soldiers. Roosevelt mentioned four fundamental freedoms that people should enjoy “everywhere in the world”; These included freedom of expression and religion, as well as freedom from hardship and fear. Roosevelt helped create the conditions for a post-war world among potential allies at the Atlantic Conference; Specific points have been included to correct previous omissions that have become a step towards the United Nations. U.S.
policy was to threaten Japan, drive it out of China, and prevent it from attacking the Soviet Union. However, Japan responded with an attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941, and the United States was at war with Japan, Germany, and Italy. Instead of loans to the Allies during the First World War, the United States provided $50,000,000,000 in lend-leases. Working closely with Winston Churchill of Britain and Joseph Stalin of the Soviet Union, Roosevelt sent his troops into the Pacific against Japan, then to North Africa against Italy and Germany, and finally to Europe, beginning with France and Italy in 1944 against the Germans. The U.S. economy exploded, doubling industrial production and building huge amounts of planes, ships, tanks, ammunition, and finally atomic bombs. Much of the American war effort went to strategic bombers that razed the cities of Japan and Germany. Today, the United Nations, headquartered in New York, comprises 193 of the world`s 195 nations. It is a voluntary association to which Member States make contributions according to the size of their economies. The main objectives of the United Nations are to maintain peace and security, to promote human rights and social progress, and to develop friendly relations among nations. The Persian Gulf region continued to be considered an area of critical importance to the United States during the Cold War.