What Is a Peace Agreement

The Korean War is an example of a conflict ending in a ceasefire rather than a peace treaty with the Korean ceasefire agreement. However, this war never ended technically because a final peace treaty or settlement was never concluded. [30] It is important to focus on power-sharing, election observation, and nation-building strategies in order to fully understand how peace agreements are structured after the civil war. While each issue may seem small in itself, the success or failure of a particular national peace agreement usually depends on the success of those provisions. Implementation mechanisms could include a United Nations or regional peacekeeping operation. They may also include monitoring committees chaired by the United Nations or by a neutral third party, which include parties to the conflict and other relevant actors who must contribute to peacebuilding. MINUSCA`s political strategy, based on stakeholder analysis, is a useful model for other leaders of peacekeeping missions. Many peacekeeping missions have faced the challenge of stalling peace agreements in recent years, and the stakeholder analysis approach could provide another way for heads of mission to find a way to find leverage, even if the parties to the peace agreement do not appear willing to implement their commitments. [1] This roundtable was part of a joint initiative by UNU-CPR and Stimson to examine how peacekeeping mission policies are developed and what lessons can be learned from supporting policy primacy. See Adam Day, Aditi Gorur, Victoria K. Holt and Charles T. Hunt, The Political Practice of Peacekeeping, UNU-CPR and Stimson Center, 2020.

They are generally considered “agreements to agree” or commitments to reach a negotiated solution and build trust between the parties. These agreements generally do not deal with procedural or structural issues, but may have some features of a pre-negotiation agreement that determines when and how negotiations could be conducted. The interim agreements are a sign that the ceasefire is being respected. Interim agreements are also being used to revive a stalled peace process. Like ceasefire agreements, interim or ex-ante agreements are not stable and must be pursued expeditiously with negotiations on procedural and substantive issues in order to maintain the positive new momentum of a peace process. Peace agreements are treaties designed to end a violent conflict or significantly modify a conflict so that it can be dealt with more constructively. There are different types of agreements that can be reached during a peace process. Each type of agreement has a specific purpose and serves a value in itself to create positive momentum for a final agreement. However, these agreements are not easy to distinguish, as the content can sometimes overlap. Not all types of agreements are necessary for every conflict.

Some processes may contain step-by-step agreements that lead to a comprehensive settlement. Other peace processes could try to negotiate a comprehensive agreement. Peace treaties, although different, generally have a general common objective: to establish the conditions for a lasting solution to hostilities between two warring parties. To this end, the provisions of the peace treaty tend to deal with common issues. These include the formal allocation of borders, access to and allocation of natural and man-made resources, the settlement of relevant debts, the recognition of refugees, processes for the settlement of future disputes and the identification of conduct relevant to compliance with the provisions of the Treaty. In addition to similar provisions, peace treaties have similar formats. They often begin with an introduction or preamble that sets out the purpose of the peace treaty. These introductions often refrain from repeating all the often discussed facts about the conflict, but simply state that peace will begin. For example, the Treaty of Paris, which ended the American War of Independence with Britain in 1783, begins with a preface that states the intentions of both sides to “forget all the misunderstandings and differences of the past” and “to ensure both eternal peace and harmony.” The Israeli-Jordanian peace treaty, signed in 1994, contains a preamble declaring the “end of the state of war” between the two nations.

The Treaty of Versailles of the First World War, signed in 1919, did not require a prolonged formal introduction in favor of a descriptive title, followed by direct articles founding the League of Nations. After the start of the peace treaty, the provisions follow – the heart of the peace agreement. Since the provisions are numerous and deal with many issues, they are often organized in the contract, like other lengthy documents. Many contracts are divided into parts, sections, chapters and finally articles. The Treaty of Versailles, for example, consists of fifteen parts. .

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